Leonardo da Vinci

The Complete Guide to Leonardo da Vinci

The idealised image of the Renaissance man, Leonardo da Vinci, was a genuine idealist whose intellect knew no constraints. Da Vinci, who arrived in 1452 in Vinci, Italy, was an accomplished expert on numerous topics, notably painting, sculpting, engineering, anatomy, and mathematics. He explored the subject matter of science, literature, and ethics like no one else due to his inexhaustible passion and unyielding quest for facts.

Da Vinci’s accomplishments in the fields of art and science fascinated and motivated eras and are renowned for artworks like the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. The first section gives users an overview of the incredible life and legacy of Leonardo da Vinci, an exceptional person who skillfully united innovation and logic.

Leonardo da Vinci’s life story

Born in Vinci, Italy, on April 15, 1452, Leonardo da Vinci was a polymath whose achievements cut across many fields. He is recognised as an artist for classic pieces like the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, which highlight his prowess with light, shadow, and perspective.

In addition to his artistic talent, da Vinci was a brilliant scientist, engineer, and entrepreneur who built concepts and projects that were centuries beyond his peers.

He dissected human cadavers, pioneering anatomical studies that significantly contributed to medical knowledge. Da Vinci’s notebooks, chock-full of drawings, observations, and ideas, demonstrate his ardent curiosity and motivate him to learn about nature. His innovative thinking cut across boundaries and served to inspire succeeding generations, establishing an enduring imprint on art, science, and invention.

Leonardo da Vinci’s family

Ser Piero da Vinci, a notary, and Caterina, a peasant lady, had Leonardo da Vinci outside of marriage. Since the reason for his biological parents divorce was his stepmother, his life was mostly shaped by his father and stepmother. Despite the result of his dad’s subsequent unions, Leonardo has left an array of siblings.

One of his half-brothers, Francesco, was born to Ser Piero and his first wife, Albiera. Ser Piero and his third wife Margherita welcomed a new half brother, Bartolomeo. Ser Piero and his fourth wife, Lucrezia, gave birth to Violante, Leonardo’s half-sister.

In spite of the fact that they weren’t the primary concern of Leonardo’s legacy, familial ties remained vital to his infancy and had an influence on his professional and private lives.

The career of Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci’s career was highlighted by his wide range of passions and plenty of skills. In Florence, where he developed his painting and sculpture techniques, he started his artistic career as an apprentice in Andrea del Verrocchio’s workshop. He performed with Verrocchio on an assortment of projects throughout this time, such as the Baptism of Christ.

  1. In his early career, da Vinci received commissions from prominent patrons, such as the Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza. He worked in Milan for almost two decades, creating remarkable works such as The Last Supper, a fresco renowned for its innovative composition and use of perspective.

2. Simultaneously, da Vinci pursued his scientific and engineering interests. He conducted extensive studies in anatomy, dissecting human corpses to gain a deeper understanding of the human body. His anatomical sketches, which remain highly regarded today, were groundbreaking in their accuracy and attention to detail.

3. Da Vinci also dedicated himself to engineering and invented numerous machines and devices. His designs included flying machines, tanks, and automated tools, showcasing his visionary ideas and inventive spirit.

4. Later in his career, da Vinci returned to Florence, where he produced some of his most famous works, including the iconic portrait of the Mona Lisa. This masterpiece exemplifies his mastery of light, shadow, and the elusive nature of human expression.

5. Under the authority of King Francis I, da Vinci went to France in his senior years. The exquisite St. John the Baptist, one of his final works, emerged during this era. He continued crafting artwork far beyond his seventies.

6. Da Vinci explored an array of fields throughout his professional life because of his unquenchable quest for knowledge and voracious curiosity. He ranks as one of history’s finest characters because of the inspiration and influence his contributions to art, science, and architecture endure to exert on numerous individuals.

‘The Last Supper’

Leonardo da Vinci’s painting “The Last Supper” ranks as one of his most recognisable and iconic masterpieces. It constitutes a huge canvas that was executed between 1495 and 1498 and depicts the biblical story of Jesus Christ eating his last meal with the apostles he appointed before being condemned.

Each and every side of the dining room of the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, which is located in Milan, Italy, is adorned with a painting that measures roughly 15 feet by 29 feet in size. It has a reputation for boasting a superior layout, perspective, and expressive range.

Leonardo’s mastery is evident in his meticulous attention to detail, from the expressions and gestures of the figures to the textures of the food and the intricate architectural backdrop. The use of light and shadow enhances the dramatic effect of the scene, focusing attention on Jesus at the centre.

However, over time, “The Last Supper” has suffered from deterioration due to Leonardo’s experimental technique and environmental factors. Restoration efforts have been made to preserve what remains of this masterpiece, allowing viewers to appreciate its brilliance and significance.

The accurate depiction of a pivotal moment in Christian history and the painting’s extraordinary artistic merit continue to enthral viewers. “The Last Supper” is evidence of Leonardo da Vinci’s skill and his everlasting influence on the world of art.

‘Mona Lisa’

Leonardo da Vinci painted the “Mona Lisa” during the Italian Renaissance, and it is without a doubt one of the most well-known and mystifying works of art in the entire world. Painted between 1503 and 1506, the portrait showcases Leonardo’s mastery of technique, composition, and the subtle nuances of human expression.

The painting features a captivating woman with a mysterious smile, believed to be Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Florentine merchant Francesco del Giocondo. Since the beginning of time, onlookers have been mesmerised by the subject’s ethereal presence, tranquil gaze, and enigmatic grin, which has led to innumerable interpretations and conjectures regarding the significance of the painting and the subject’s identity.

From the subtle play of light and shadow to the complex textures of the subject’s clothing and hair, Leonardo’s painstaking attention to detail is obvious in the work. The use of sfumato, a technique that blends colours and tones seamlessly, adds to the painting’s soft and dreamlike quality.

The “Mona Lisa” has achieved unprecedented fame, becoming an enduring symbol of artistic excellence and intrigue. Its theft in 1911 and subsequent recovery only intensified the public’s fascination with the painting. The Louvre Museum in Paris, where it is currently housed, receives millions of tourists each year.


In conclusion, Leonardo da Vinci’s life and legacy are a testament to the boundless potential of human curiosity and creativity. His remarkable talents spanned multiple disciplines, from art and anatomy to engineering and invention. He keeps continuing to enthral and influence the public with classics like “The Last Supper” and the “Mona Lisa.”

The Renaissance spirit remains active in Leonardo owing to his endless zeal for insight and his persistent quest for perfection. His innovations, scientific discoveries, and contributions to the arts and sciences have had a lasting impact on human history and are still felt today.